ELABORACIÓN Y VALIDACIÓN DE UN INSTRUMENTO EVALUATIVO PARA MONITOREAR LA ADQUISICIÓN DE COMPETENCIAS BLANDAS EN ESTUDIANTES DE PREGRADO

Resumen

El propósito de esta investigación, es mostrar la elaboración y validación por contenido en base al juicio de expertos en el tema, de un instrumento evaluativo basado en competencias blandas o transversales que permitan monitorear la adquisición de estas habilidades en educadores de párvulos, las cuales son consideradas en la actualidad por la literatura tanto nacional como internacional, imprescindibles en su formación, por su complementación con las llamadas competencias duras o genéricas. Un buen educador no solo debe reunir requisitos de tipo intelectual, sino también sociales, emocionales y personales, lo que en el ámbito educativo tiene como consecuencia cambios de dirección y orientación hacia competencias más afectivas. En el caso del alumnado de edades más pequeñas, como son los de Educacion Parvularia o Primera Infancia, los futuros docentes tendrán un papel crucial en el desarrollo de estas habilidades blandas o transversales, como por ejemplo, en la autorregulación cognitiva y emocional. Además, esas competencias sociales y emocionales que se activen a esas edades tan tempranas, jugaran un papel fundamental en el posterior desarrollo del infante.Palabras clave: Competencias Blandas. Educación Parvularia. Instrumento Evaluativo. Educación Superior.Desenvolvimento a Validação de um Instrumento de Avaliação para Monitorar a Aquisição de Soft Skills em Estudantes de GraduaçãoResumoO objetivo desta pesquisa é mostrar a elaboração e validação por conteúdo com base na opinião de especialistas no assunto, de um instrumento de avaliação baseado em competências transversais ou flexíveis que permitam monitorar a aquisição dessas habilidades em educadores de infância, atualmente consideradas pela literatura nacional e internacional, essenciais em sua formação, para complementação com as chamadas habilidades duras ou genéricas.Um bom professor deve não apenas atender aos requisitos intelectuais, mas também sociais, emocionais e pessoais, o que no campo educacional resulta em mudanças de direção e orientação para habilidades mais afetivas. No caso de estudantes de idades menores, como os de Educação Infantil ou Primeira Infância, futuros professores terão um papel crucial no desenvolvimento dessas habilidades suaves ou transversais como, por exemplo, na auto-regulação cognitiva e emocional. Além disso, as competências sociais e emocionais ativadas nessas idades iniciais terão um papel fundamental no desenvolvimento subsequente desenvolvimento infantil.Palavras-chave: Soft Competencies. Educação Infantil. Instrumento Avaliativo. Educação Superior.Elaboration and Validation of an evaluation instrument to monitor the acquisition of soft skills in undergraduate studentsAbstractThe purpose of this research is to show the elaboration, and validation by content based on the judgment of experts in the topic of an evaluative instrument based on soft skill or transversal competences that allow monitoring the acquisition of the abilities in nursery education, which are currently considered by both national and international literature, essential for the complementation with the so-called hard or generic skills. A good teacher must not only meet intellectual, but also social, emotional and personal requirements, what in the educational field has as a consequence changes of direction and orientation towards more affective competences. In the case of students of smaller ages, such as those of nursery education o early childhood, future teachers will have a crucial role in the development of these soft or transversal skills, such as cognitive and emotional self-regulation. In addition, those social and emotional skills that are activated at these early ages, it will play a fundamental role in the further development of the infant.Keywords: Soft Skills. Nursery Education. Evaluation Instrumen. Higher Education.

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2020-06-30
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Díaz Quezada, V., & Sanhueza Cartes, C. (2020). ELABORACIÓN Y VALIDACIÓN DE UN INSTRUMENTO EVALUATIVO PARA MONITOREAR LA ADQUISICIÓN DE COMPETENCIAS BLANDAS EN ESTUDIANTES DE PREGRADO. PARADIGMA, 812-836. https://doi.org/10.37618/PARADIGMA.1011-2251.2020.p812-836.id932